Bed Bugs are a type of insect that feed on human blood, usually at night. Their Bites can result in a number of health effects including skin rashes, psychological affects and allergic symptoms. Bed Bug bites may lead to skin changes ranging from invisible to prominent blisters.
Itchiness is common, while some feel tired or have a fever. Typically, uncovered areas of the body are affected and three bites occur in a row. Bed Bugs are not known to transmit any infectious diseases.
Bed Bug bites are primarily caused by two species of the insect Cimex: Cimex lectularius and Cimex Hemipiterus. Their size ranges between 1-7mm. They spread by crawling between nearby locations or by being carried within personal items. Diagnosis involves both finding the Bed Bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms. Bed Bugs spend much of their time in the dark, hidden locations like mattress seams or cracks in the wall. Bed Bugs can survive up to a year without a blood feed.
Treatment is best carried out by a professional with a either heat treatments or insecticide. However there ar a few things you can do at home to help for example;
Cleaning all fabrics in a hot wash including bedding, linen, curtains and clothing.
Vacuuming your bed and surrounding areas (make sure you empty the hoover after)
Do not move things from room to room as you may spread the Bed Bugs.
Eliminate clutter and do not store items under the bed.